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...for their exemplary courage and compassion in overcoming ethnic divisions during civil war so that young people can live and build a peaceful future together.
Socio-political difficulties inherited from the past with long standing ethnic tensions and nine years of civil war in Burundi have brought fear among people and many, many deaths. The impoverished northern neighbourhoods of the town of Bujumbura have experienced their share of these atrocities, plus other problems particularly common to youth in such towns: alcoholism, drug abuse, prostitution, AIDS, unemployment, criminality and general hopelessness. This is the context of the work of the Centre Jeunes Kamenge (CJK).
Centre Jeunes Kamenge
P.O. Box 783
CJK is the dream of three Italian Xaverian missionaries: Marino Bettinsoli, Victor Ghirardi and Claudio Marano.
Their determination was to find a place where the youth of the neighbourhoods (age 16-30) could come and, through shared activity, learn to live together in friendship and mutual respect.
It was founded in 1991, before the civil war, and by 1993 2,500 young people were members, attending meetings and religious events, playing sports, acting in plays, taking courses, studying various academic subjects and using the library's 14,000 books.
In the field of education CJK's courses cover mathematics, physics, biology, accountancy and language classes in English, French, Spanish, Arabic, German and Italian.
Training is offered in a broad mix of subjects: computing, typing, sewing, hairdressing, human rights and the Highway Code. Apart from these, there is a literacy project reaching 400 adults and adolescents each year, plus projects on AIDS, and peace and reconciliation.
These activities have been supplemented during the war years by giving help to bury the dead, caring for the wounded, supporting displaced people, distributing food, clothing and blankets, and giving health assistance.
A 'Peace and Rehabilitation Project' organises inter-ethnic meetings, discussion groups and other events; and a summer camp for 1,000 young people focuses on rehabilitation and community building.
The Centre has been attacked and looted, its management and workers threatened and some of its members killed.
Its work has continued to prove that, despite everything that goes on outside, the young people of Burundi can live together peacefully, share their lives and build a future.
In 2001, the CJK had 20,000 members, representing an increase of 10 per cent in each of the two previous years and a measure of the value attached to their programme by the young people of northern Bujumbura.
Up to 40 activities are organised each day, with 1,000 to 2,000 youths participating in these activities and using the free library. The literacy project has placed four outreach workers in each of the six neighbourhoods where it is active, to work with young people who do not come to the Centre.
CJK is also the principal co-ordinator (together with two other NGOs) of an Office for Community Associations of the Northern District, which now has 300 member groups, many of which were founded by CJK.
The Office provides them with technical support, helps with projects and fundraising, financial and other assistance with micro-projects.
It works on various programmes of peace, reconciliation and reconstruction with the local authorities, the churches, primary and secondary schools and with departments of the national government.
Each month CJK publishes a newsletter in the local language for its communities and community groups. CJK's newsletter was started in July 2001. It is called Arc-en-Ciel (Rainbow) where young people can express their ideas.
CJK has about 50 full-time paid workers and 40 volunteer 'associates'. Its 2001 budget was about USD 470,000, of which about 25% was spent on reconstruction in the war-ravaged Northern Quarter, and about 30% on the Centre itself. The Peace and Reconciliation project was the next largest with about 10%. Sport and music also occupy an important place in the life of the Centre.
The principal funders of CJK have been Cooperation Italienne, Cooperation Belge, and the Conference Episcopal Italienne. Other important European donors have included Misereor (Germany), the Italian Caritas, the European Community, Austrian Cooperation, the local American Embassy, Manos Unidas (Spain), Développement et Paix (Canada), and Les Amis du CJK (Italy and France).
In May 2005 CJK had 24,000 members registered.
Their new activities include
December 9th, 2002
Translation in English:
Mr Speaker, your Excellencies, members of Parliament, dear Friends,
We are here for the "Right Livelihood Award 2002". We represent the Kamenge Youth Centre. We are here on behalf of those who are not present this evening, the 20,000 registered members of the Centre and the 200,000 people of the Northern Districts of Bujumbura, where we live, we work, we dream.
In the name of all these, we thank you so much for the great honour that you have done us. You have put us on the international map and we thank you for that. We come from a country, Burundi, where for 40 years people have been living through crisis, wars and massacres for ethnic and other reasons - and where for these last nine years we have lived in a civil war which does not seem to end. The official statistics speak of 250,000 dead and 2,000,000 refugees out of a population of 6,000,000 inhabitants.
Since 1990, we have begun creating a structure of meetings and a series of projects for the young people of northern Bujumbura, with the aim of enabling them to meet each other and to have an experience of peace, of dialogue, of reconciliation - in a word, of living together.
The idea is simple. In the middle of the Northern Districts, on a plot of land of 1.5 hectares, we built the Kamenge Youth Centre, a Centre that today brings together all the people of the area. It is a social project of the Catholic Church of Bujumbura.
Its goal is to embrace everyone, so they can discover that differences between nations, ethnic groups, religions and social or political differences, can be overcome without making war or killing one another.
These differences can become a richness for all in their everyday lives. This is a message for the young people from 16 to 30 years in our Centre; this is a message for everyone, young and old. It is a message of life together in the activities of groups, which is translated afterwards in the meetings of acceptance, of dialogue, of reconciliation, until arriving at forgiveness. It has not been simple.
This project was wanted by Simon Ntamwana, former Bishop of Bujumbura, and was entrusted to the Italian Xaverian missionaries.
After two years of project planning, we started to live in the Northern Districts. It was a period of democracy, elections, peace, good events. We carried through a building programme and the Centre was officially opened one month before the coup d'état of 1993. The first group of registered members consisted of 2,500 young people.
After the war began, there were terrible months when the Centre was alone and closed, because nobody could come.
In the Districts, there was fighting around the clock for four long months. Around us, thousands died - and that only in the Northern Districts. Then the Centre became a field hospital of Belgium's Doctors Without Borders for the war wounded. While there were massacres outside, dozens of wounded were living together inside the Centre.
That situation made us understand that the so-called "ethnic war" was only a rhetorical invention. The reality was quite different. The inhabitants of the Northern Districts wanted to live together, but the extremists, the armed groups of all kinds wanted the war, so they paid and incited the young people and others to fight.
A terrible and monstrous experience. The small group from foreign countries which was in the Centre testified, spoke, telephoned, in order to seek assistance, in order to call out the international associations, the ambassadors, the special envoy of the UN...
At the end of these four months, the first period of our life in the Districts concluded with the obligation to hand over the Centre to the soldiers, because they told us that our lives were in danger.
Having saved hundreds of lives, having freed the Tutsi from the Hutu and the Hutu from the Tutsi, having been subjected to death threats and taken as targets, and after the Centre was machine-gunned and pillaged... after all this came a long night of negotiations because the soldiers continued to insist that we leave the Centre.
And then a terrible journey under attack from machine-guns and grenades, with an escort of tanks. Everyone, foreigners, nationals, wounded, patients with perfusions on their hands, we left the Northern Districts on two overloaded vans.
We thought that it was the end of an experience which, in fact, was just starting.
One week later, accompanied by two army officers and the Apostolic Nuncio, we were back again at the Centre to testify that life could continue notwithstanding the differences.
But there were some terrible years in store, with interrogations, threats, being seized as hostages, witnessing hundreds of deaths - and all immersed in daily hatred. Our work was always the same: to show everyone that it was beautiful to live together. And little by little, young people came from one district and then from another, young people inviting others to come so that day by day the Centre continued.
It was hardest at night when people of all kinds attacked, burned, destroyed and killed - one day the rebels, one day the gangsters, one day the soldiers and another day those who came from the city. And that is still happening.
Everyday, wrongs were committed and the Centre received threats, telephonic or written. The Centre was alleged by some people to be pro-Tutsi, by others pro-Hutu. In this climate - not very convivial, but sometimes also encouraging - hundreds or even thousands of young people met to talk, to discuss, to recount the misdeeds of the war, and they continued to be motivated to find a way out.
While some young people were going to steal, others were going to block them, partly because ransacking a district meant destroying the possibility of living there, but also because it increased hatred towards people of another district, and the consequence was a more violent response: the war of the ethnic groups in Burundi.
The Districts were so polarised that in the Tutsi districts, the administration, the schools, the health centres, the associations, the parishes and other religious communities were all in the hands of the Tutsi; and on the Hutu side, all was in the hands of the Hutu only. And in this way, we found ourselves with two districts Tutsi and two others Hutu.
So what happened? It was in 1996, when one day the government and district officials told us that the Centre was creating a new problem for the Districts. In fact many young people were moving to the Centre from the ethnically separated districts in order to live together.
Those young people did not want to live in ethnized districts any more and then they went into the "enemy" neighbourhoods or downtown to meet with their friends, young people of different ethnic groups. For this reason, the officials asked us to intervene also in the districts, using the same methods to reopen dialogue and living together, and to undertake activities in order to bring people together and accept each other.
Thus we took our band of pilgrims and went out from the Centre to organise meetings, films, shows, and many other activities...
That was the third period of the Centre: a small group, thousands of young people, the neighbourhoods. The years passed, the experiments became ever more lively, and they absorbed us completely in a race towards peace. Today we have about thirty activities each day, with four external projects, more than fifty youth leaders (some of them volunteers, others paid because they work full-time) - French volunteers and a Community of nuns.
There are meetings with the 35 primary schools, 34 secondary schools, 27 health centres, six zones, four catholic parishes, twelve Protestant communities, eight Muslim communities, 20,000 registered members of the Centre and 200,000 inhabitants of the Northern Districts.
Coordination, meetings, games, contests, rebuilding, parades, the struggle against AIDS, coordination with 300 associations, literacy classes, action of any kind to create a new society, a new country, in which it is beautiful to live.
And in collaboration with everyone, at the national as well as international level, with the political parties, the press, government ministries, the churches, the ambassadors... Ultimately, the more you are and the better you are, the more ideas there are and the more things one can do.
We have just had a summer of very diverse activities: Six work and training camps in which 1,800 young people took part, 15 days each one, including ten meetings and seminars on peace, seven concerts and ten sporting tournaments in the neighbourhoods, 100 houses rebuilt, a great demonstration for peace and a 10-kilometer walk with the participation of deputies, ministers, associations and various officials.
Many people find it difficult to understand how during a time of war - with casualties, people going hungry, refugees and destruction - there are people who "waste their time" with balls, papers, ideas.
But we are convinced that this is the logical way for a nation which wants to arrive at peace.
It is necessary to be a humanitarian, but if one does only that, it is almost useless. It is also necessary to educate, to train a new generation able to grow in respect, able to share the ideals of peace, able to work together. A new generation, a new society which will lead the country out of the horrors of war. Our work is also to press the government and funding agencies to give more priority to this, because up to now they have not done much.
We must work more in the field of education for peace, dialogue, and mutual respect among people in spite of their differences.
The recipe of the Kamenge Youth Centre has proved us right. The young people who come frequently to the Centre, the people who work with us in the Districts are giving birth to new commitments and very interesting experiments:
Ultimately, a true society growing up: that is also the fruit of the efforts of the Kamenge Youth Centre in Bujumbura.
There are still people - foreigners, officials - who come to the Kamenge Youth Centre to see the young people of various ethnic groups living together, and we have never had an incident of ethnic conflict at the Centre. They come to see and understand what goes on at the Centre, they come to find out if it is still possible to work for Burundi while hoping for peace. They come to meet the Burundi of tomorrow.
We would be pleased if one day the soldiers and the liberation movements can also come to the Centre to see the new generations, the way they live, what they dream - and then to make a show of confidence in them by finally signing the ceasefire agreements for peace.
The people of Burundi want only one thing: to arrive very quickly at peace. The power-holders and their friends, the extremists and their friends and their fighters live in the country like foreigners, like mercenaries.
This then, is our experience. We think that it is the experience of all women and men of goodwill in the whole world. They live like us, they work in the present, they dream of a different future even if they are not sure of reaching it. Their dream is that one day all the women and all the men of this world can live together, hand in hand. Like them, we also undertake little things or big ones, initiatives in daily life, in order to struggle continuously for dialogue, peace and reconciliation and arrive at a world in which all are sisters and brothers.
Mr Speaker, your Excellencies, members of Parliament, dear Friends,
thank you for honouring us with the Alternative Nobel Prize, thank you for having invited us to be among you this evening, to share this celebration together, thank you for being so open, to have given us your hand to continue to work together and change this world to make it more beautiful for all. Thank you on behalf of all the people that we represent, for all the Burundi that we love, for the Africa that is often abandoned and for the whole world.
Asked in 2005, answered by Guillaume Harushimana
1. A new constitution and power sharing agreements - what does this mean to your work? Are you sceptical or optimistic about these recent political developments in Burundi?
The new constitution and the power sharing are two different aspects for the peace process in Burundi. Indeed, the power sharing very often arises from arrangements between the political parties and the leaders resulting from these arrangements work only for personal interests because they know very well that their power is transitory.
The most significant for us is especially the Constitution. This is because peace, justice, development, truth, tolerance, forgiveness, reconciliation have a great significance for future generations. For the CJK, we are convinced that the designation of leaders by the people themselves is ideal. And for that we are also engaged in sensitizing our young people with civic education.
Concerning the recent political developments, we are optimistic. But the most important thing must also be the international community's support - on all levels - during and after the peace process.
2. What do you tell your younger members about the civil war? Do they listen to you - or to their parents, who might tell them something different?
The young people know very well the misdeeds of the war. With all the luggage that we provided to our young members on the humans rights level, we hope they will have a humane future. However, we continue our work on mutual respect, non-violence and justice. According to our young members, the experiment of the war gave lessons to everyone.
3. What do you do if a member of CJK takes drugs or gets involved in crimes or ethnic conflict?
Drug, crimes or ethnic conflicts were factors that affected Burundi and particularly young people. With recent political developments, we hardly have the problems connected to ethnic conflicts anymore. Rather, we have started to engage in fighting against drugs while setting up a new project "projet Drogue". It is about sensitization on bad consequences of drugs on all levels.
4. Why do you welcome the young people of other religions (protestants, muslims) whereas you are under the authority of the Catholic Diocese of Bujumbura?
There are people who did not yet understand the goal of the CJK. Each one should know that the CJK is a social project under the authority of the Catholic Church (Diocese of Bujumbura) but its goal is to get people to live together despite the differences. To get people living in mutual respect. And for us at CJK, differences are a true source of richness.
5. What effect has the Right Livelihood Award had your work?
The fact of being one of the RLA recipients was important for the recognition of our work on the international level. And for the moment, the RLA Foundation is one of our great references for those who do not know us.