For placing women and ecology at the heart of modern development discourse.
Vandana Shiva is an intellectual and activist from India, who has worked in a wide range of different fields inspiring change globally. Her activism is rooted in promoting counter-development and supporting grassroots networks, women’s rights and ecology. As the author of numerous important books and articles, Shiva has shown a lifetime interest in campaigning against genetic engineering and the negative impacts of globalisation, advocating for the crucial importance of preserving and celebrating biodiversity.
Shiva’s record has been that of the totally committed, very productive and effective activist-advocate-intellectual. As an activist, she has coordinated, supported and learned from grassroots networks on a wide range of issues across India. As an advocate, especially in international fora, she has proven to be one of the most articulate spokespersons of counter-development in favour of people-centred, participatory processes. As an intellectual, she has produced a stream of important books and articles, which have done much both to form and address the agenda of development debate and action.
An activist, advocate and intellectual
Dr Vandana Shiva trained as a physicist and did her PhD on the subject "Hidden Variables and Non-locality in Quantum Theory" at the University of Western Ontario in Canada. She later shifted to inter-disciplinary research in science, technology and environmental policy, which she carried out at the Indian Institute of Science and the Indian Institute of Management in Bangalore, India. In 1982, she left to set up her Research Foundation for Science, Technology and Natural Resource Policy in her home town of Dehra Dun in the foothills of the Himalaya.
Shiva's record has been that of the totally committed, very productive and effective activist-advocate-intellectual. As an activist, she has coordinated, supported and learned from grassroots networks on a wide range of issues across India. As an advocate, especially in international fora, she has proven to be one of the most articulate spokespersons of counter-development in favour of people-centred, participatory processes. As an intellectual, she has produced a stream of important books and articles, which have done much both to form and address the agenda of development debate and action.
Shiva's diverse fields of work
Shiva's foundation is an informal network of researchers, working in support of people's environmental struggles, part of the objective of which is the articulation and justification of people's knowledge. The foundation has done important work in a number of areas, including:
Agriculture and genetic resources. Shiva's critical analysis of the effects of the Green Revolution, and looking beyond it to the impacts of the 'second' Green Revolution powered by genetic engineering, is of pioneering importance. For several decades, she has been a campaigner on the ethical and ecological impacts of genetic engineering. She has led campaigns on bio-safety and built citizens' responses to the introduction of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) into agriculture.
Biodiversity. She started her work on biodiversity with the Chipko Movement (1987 Right Livelihood Laureate) in the 1970s. As with forestry and water, her contribution has gone beyond critique with the launch of a "people's programme on biodiversity." She has pioneered the organic movement in India and has built a new movement called Navdanya, the country's biggest network of seed keepers and organic producers, for the conservation of indigenous seeds. Shiva sees biodiversity as intimately linked to cultural diversity and knowledge diversity. She has campaigned nationally and internationally against "biopiracy" - the patenting of indigenous knowledge. Her book on the subject, titled Biopiracy, deals with the emerging corporate monopolies on the living resources of the poor.
World Bank and WTO campaigns. Shiva has been an important figure in putting pressure on the World Bank - which the Bank has been forced to take increasingly seriously. She represented "Nature" at the People's Tribunal on the World Bank and the IMF in Berlin in 1988 and was on the steering group of the People's Forum, which coincided with World Bank meetings in 1991. Shiva has also initiated major movements in India on World Trade Organisation (WTO) issues, especially on intellectual property and agriculture. She is a founding Board member of the International Forum on Globalisation, a citizens' group dedicated to monitoring and intervening on the impact of globalisation. She has also led an International Campaign on Food Rights, which sought to ensure people's right to knowledge and food security.
Ecology and gender. Her book Staying Alive: Women, Ecology and Survival (Zed, 1989) has had an international impact. She was a co-chair of the 1991 World Congress on Women and Environment, and she directed a dialogue on "Women, ecology and health" with the Dag Hammarskjold Foundation, leading to a volume of Development Dialogue edited by her. Shiva has launched a global movement called Diverse Women for Diversity, for the defence of biological and cultural diversity.
Time magazine named Shiva as an "environmental hero" in 2003, and Asia Week has called her one of the five most powerful communicators of Asia.
Among her many awards, she received the Order of the Golden Ark, the Global 500 Award of the UN, the Earth Day International Award, the Lennon Ono Grant for Peace and the Sydney Peace Prize 2010.
Shiva has served on the boards of many organizations, including the World Future Council, the International Forum on Globalization and Slow Food International.