For his outstanding efforts in educating civil society about the effects of corporate globalisation, and how alternatives to it can be implemented.
Walden Bello is an intellectual and activist from the Philippines, who has emerged as one of the leading critics of the current model of economic globalisation. As a human rights and peace campaigner, academic, environmentalist and journalist, he has made a major contribution to the international case against corporate-driven globalisation.
In 1995, he co-founded the organisation Focus on the Global South, which seeks to build grassroots capacity to tackle wider regional issues of development and capital flows. When the Asian Financial Crisis struck two years later, Focus played a major role in advocating a different way forward.
Bello has also played a leading role as an environmentalist and is the former chairman of the board of Greenpeace Southeast Asia. Bello has campaigned for years for the withdrawal of US military bases in the Philippines, Okinawa and South Korea and helped set up several regional coalitions dedicated to denuclearisation, demilitarisation, and developing a new kind of security plan based on meeting people’s needs. After September 11, 2001, he was a leading voice from the Global South urging the US not to resort to military intervention – which he believed would exacerbate the problem.
Working to restore democracy in the Philippines
Bello was born in Manila in the Philippines in 1945. He was studying in Princeton for a PhD in sociology in 1972 when Ferdinand Marcos took power in his home country. He plunged into political activism, collecting his PhD but not returning to the university for another 20 years. Over the next two decades, he became a key figure in the international movement to restore democracy in the Philippines, co-ordinating the Anti-Martial Law Coalition and establishing the Philippines Human Rights Lobby in Washington.
He was arrested repeatedly and finally jailed by the US authorities in 1978 for leading the non-violent takeover of the Philippine consulate in San Francisco. He was released a week later after a hunger strike to draw attention to human rights abuses in his home country.
While campaigning on human rights, he saw how the World Bank and IMF loans and grants were supporting the Marcos regime in power. To expose their role, he took the risk of breaking into the World Bank headquarters in Washington and smuggling out 3,000 pages of confidential documents. These provided the material for his book Development Debacle (1982), which became an underground bestseller in the Philippines and contributed to expanding the citizen's movement that eventually deposed Marcos in 1986.
Alternative models of development
After the fall of Marcos, Bello joined the NGO Food First in the US and began to expand his coverage of the Bretton Woods institutions, in particular studying the "newly industrialised countries" of Asia. His critique of the Asian economic "miracle," Dragons in Distress, was written 6 years before the financial collapse that swept through the region.
His recent work has been critical of the financial subjugation of developing countries and promoting alternative models of development that would make countries less dependent on foreign capital.
Co-founding Focus on the Global South
In 1995, he co-founded the organisation Focus on the Global South, of which he is now Executive Director. Focus seeks to build grassroots capacity to tackle wider regional issues of development and capital flows. When the Asian Financial Crisis struck two years later, Focus played a major role in advocating a different way forward.
Bello argues that "what developing countries and international civil society should aim at is not to reform the WTO but, through a combination of passive and active measures, to radically reduce its power and make it simply another international institution co-existing with and being checked by other international organisations, agreements and regional groupings. It is in such a more fluid, less structured, more pluralistic world with multiple checks and balances that the nations and communities of the South will be able to carve out the space to develop based on their values, their rhythms, and the strategies of their choice."
At a WTO meeting in Seattle in 1999, Bello played a leading role in the teach-ins around the protest events and was later beaten up by the Seattle police. He was detained again by the Italian police and nearly run over by a police car at the 2001 G-8 summit in Genoa. He also played a key role in civil society circles in elaborating the strategy to derail the WTO Ministerial in Cancun in September 2003.
He has also played a leading role as an environmentalist and is a former chairman of the board of Greenpeace Southeast Asia. His 1998 book A Siamese Tragedy, documenting the environmental destruction of Thailand, became a bestseller there and won praise from former Thai Prime Minister Anand Oanyarachun. It received the Chancellor's Award for best book from the University of the Philippines in 2000.
Bello has campaigned for years for the withdrawal of US military bases in the Philippines, Japan and South Korea, and has helped set up several regional coalitions dedicated to denuclearisation and demilitarisation, and a new kind of security plan based on meeting people's needs.
After September 11, 2001, he was a leading voice from the Global South urging the US not to resort to military intervention - which he believed would exacerbate the problem - but to tackle the root causes of terrorism in poverty, inequality, injustice and oppression. In March 2002, he led the peace mission to the southern Philippine island of Basilan, where the US army recently sent their special forces. He was also one of the leaders of a peace mission of Asian parliamentarians and civil society activists that visited Baghdad in March 2003 in a last-ditch effort to stop the US invasion of Iraq.
Bello has won praise for his writing, as the author or editor of 11 books on Asian issues and a range of articles, notably
American Lake: The nuclear peril in the Pacific (1984) (co-authored with Peter Hayes and Lyuba Zarsky)
People and Power in the Pacific (1992)
Dark Victory: The United States and Global Poverty (1999)
Global Finance: Thinking on regulating speculative capital markets (2000)
The Future in the Balance: Essays on globalisation and resistance (2001).
He won the New California Media Award for Best International Reporting in 1998. The Belgian newspaper Le Soir recently called Bello "the most respected anti-globalisation thinker in Asia."